Innovation designated by: IEEE
Alouette-ISIS Satellite Program
Public Domain; NASA
The The Alouette 1, the very first satellite constructed by Canada
Address:
Shirley's Bay Research Centre
Sandhill Street
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
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Alouette-ISIS Satellite Program
Location: Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Date: 1962
Category:
Alouette 1 was the first satellite program contructed by a country other than the United States and Soviet Russia.

"Driven by the need to understand the characteristics of radio communication in Canada's North, Canadian researchers focused on the exploration of the earth's upper atmosphere, the ionosphere. Canada's satellite program commenced with the launch of Alouette-I on September 29, 1962. Alouette-II followed in 1965, ISIS-I in 1969, ISIS-II in 1971. The Alouette/ISIS tracking antenna serves as a reminder of Canada's contribution to this international effort in space science. IEEE Canada maintains a web site on this Milestone."
(The plaque can be viewed at the Shirley's Bay Research Centre, Nepean, Ottowa, in Ontario, Canada.)

Alouette I, the first Canadian-built satellite, was launched into orbit on 29 September 1962, marking Canada's first foray into space. The satellite was used to study the ionosphere from the top down to learn its effect on radio transmissions. Subsequently, Alouette II was launched in 1965, ISIS (International Satellite for Ionosphere Studies) in 1969 and ISIS II in 1971. By 1990, more than 1,000 papers and reports had been published from information received from the Alouette/ISIS Program. The Alouette/ISIS antenna, which received information from the satellites, is located at Shirley's Bay Research Centre and is preserved as a reminder of Canada's contribution to the international space science effort.

Alouette/ISIS was initiated in 1958 by Dr. John H. Chapman, IEEE Fellow '64 (1921-1979), director of the Defence Research Telecommunications Agency. Over time, three government agencies -- Communications Research Centre, Defence Research Establishment Ottawa, and Canadian Space Agency -- took over the program, which concluded in 1984.

Comment:
Dedicated May 1993 - IEEE Ottawa Section
Era: 1960-1969